Articles

Flitner (Flittner) Natalya

Flitner (Flittner) Natalya (1879‒1957) – historian of culture of Ancient East, egyptologist. She learnt at the Kolomna Gymnasium, then graduated from the Institute of Emperor Nickolas I with an excellent diploma, and teachers-training classes at the same institute. She enrolled at the Hight Female Courses; since 1905 – free visitor of the Philological Faculty of the St. Petersburg University. In 1908-1912, she passed readings at the University of Berlin, studied monuments of Ancient East. In 1913, she graduated the St. Petersburg University with the specialization in archeology and the art of Classic Orient.
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Frank-Kamenetsky Israel

Frank-Kamenetsky Israel (1880–1937) – Egyptologist, Biblical scholar, historian of religion. He learnt at a real school in Vilno and than at the Kievan St Vladimir University. He was excluded for his participation in students protests in 1902. In 1902-1911, he studied in Germany (Universities of Leipzig, Berlin, Gottingen, Konigsberg). In 1911, he defended his Doctor thesis ‘Research on relation of poems, ascribed to Umayah ibn abi as-Saltu, to Quran’ in Konigsberg’. He was interested in Egyptology and studied it in Germany till 1914. During the WWI he served in army.
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Frantsev Yury (Frantsov Georgy)

Frantsev Yury (Frantsov Georgy) (1903–1969) – historian of religion, philosopher, sociologist, social activist. After gymnasium in Samara, he enrolled to the Historical Department of the Samara University. In 1921, he went to the Moscow University and later to the Faculty of Social Studies of the Petrograd University, the Department of Linguistic and Literature. In 1924, he got there a position of researcher of the 2nd category, than he entered the post-graduate course of the Research Institute of Comparative History of Literatures and Languages of West and East, at the Leningrad State University. In 1928, he defended his Candidate thesis ‘Ancient Egyptian Tales about Wizards and Their Historical and Religious Meaning’ (the degree was given him in 1934 only). His supervisor was P. K. Kokovtsev.
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Freidenberg Olga

Freidenberg Olga (1890‒1955) – Classic philologist, historian of classic culture. She finished gymnasium in St. Petersburg (1908) and studied at the High Female Courses. In 1910-1914, she studied in Europe – mainly by herself. In October 1914, she became a nurse in hospital. In 1923, she graduated from the Classic Department of the Petrograd University; she wrote her Master thesis ‘The Origin of Greek novel’ (1924) under the supervision of Acad. S. A. Zhebelev. In 1924-1932, she was Researcher at the Institute of Literatures and Languages of West and East (Japhetic Institute of the Ac. of Sc.). Professor of the Leningrad Institute of Philosophy and Literature (1932). Head of the Chair of Classic Philology (1932‒ 1941; 1944‒ 1950).
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Gagen-Torn Nina

Gagen-Torn Nina (1900–1986) – ethnographer, folklorist. Post-graduate courses of the Leningrad Institute of Comparative History of Literatures and Languages of the West and East (1927-1930); member of the Commission for Studying the Tribal Structure of the Population of the U.S.S.R., she worked at the State Academy of the History of Material Culture, Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography (since 1933), Institute of the Peoples of the North (1931–32). Secretary of the Editorial Board of ‘Sovetskaya etnografiya’ Magazine (1934). She learnt at the Gymnasium of M. N. Stoiunina, then at the Gymnasium of Princess Obolenskaya. In the autumn of 1918, she enrolled to the Department of Social Studies of the Petrograd University; her teacher was writer Andrey Belyi, She was interested in ethnography, visited lectures by L. Ya. Sternberg.
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Georgi Johann

Georgi Johann (1729–1802) – chemist, ethnographer, traveler of the German origin. Dortor of Medicine (University of Uppsala), disciple of C. Linneus. He came to Russia on the invitation of the Imperial Academy of Sciences and Arts in 1768. Professor in Mineralogy, Adjunct (1776) and Academician of the Ac. of Sc. (1783). Participant of the expedition of P. Pallas to Siberia. In the result of his own expeditions to the Volga region, Siberia, the Urals, the Baikal Region, and the Far East, he – for the first time – gave a general historical and ethnographical survey of the peoples of Siberia and Russia.
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Gerie Vladimir

Gerie Vladimir (1837–1919) – historian and philosopher, Correspondent Member of the Ac. Of Sc. (1902), member of the Society of Russian History and Antiquities, Russian Historical Society in St. Petersburg, Chairman of the Historical Societies at the Moscow University. He studied philosophy of history, mythology, literature, and history of religion. In 1854, he entered the Historical and Philological Faculty of the Moscow University; there he met historian T. N. Granovsky. In 1862, he defended his Master thesis ‘Fighting for the Polish Throne in 1733’; and in 1868 – Doctor thesis ‘Leibnitz and His Age’.
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Girgas Vladimir

Girgas Vladimir (1835–1887) – Orientalist, specialist in Arabic studies. In 1854, he enrolled at the Oriental Faculty of the St. Petersburg University, and graduated from it in 1858, as the first candidate. In 1859, he went to Paris for two years to study Arabic and Turkish languages. His interest to Arabic studies as formed under the influence of Caussin de Perceval and Joseph Toussaint Reinaud. In 1861, G. was sent by the university to the East (Syria, Palestine, Egypt) to develop his Arabic and to study Moslem Law; he was there in 1861-1864. In 1865, he defended his Master thesis ‘Rights of Christians at the East, According to the Moslem Law’. In the same year he became Docent at the Chair of Arabic Literature.
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Glinka Gregory

Glinka Gregory (1774–1818) – philologist, translator, State Councilor. He studied at the Pageant Corpus, worked as Censor of foreign books in Kronstadt. In 1802, he got a position of Professor of Russian Language at the University of Dorpat, where he wrote a manual in Russian for the Ostsee Region (1805). In 1811, he was invited by Empress Maria Fedorovna to the Court, where he taught Russian to Empress Elisabeth Alekseevna, great princes and the future Emperor Nickolas I, whom he accompanied in his travel to Europe in 1816.
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Golenishchev Vladimir

Golenishchev Vladimir (1856–1947) – Russian Orientalist: Egyptologist, specialist in Assyrian and Semitic studies. State Councilor. In 1870, he graduated from the Faculty of Oriental Languages of the St. Petersburg University; his supervisors were V. R. Rozen (Arabic), and D. A. Khvolson (Ancient Hebrew); he studied Egyptology and Assyrian studies by himself. Since 1879, he organized expeditions to Egypt for his own account, made archeological excavations, collected written monuments and pieces of art of the Ancient East. Since 1886, he was Curator of the Egyptian and Assyrian collection of the Hermitage, composed the first catalogues for those collections. He prepared the first publications of a number of texts of the Ancient East: ‘Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor’, ‘Prophesy of Neferti’, ‘Teaching of the Tsar of Heliopolis for His Son Merykara’, ‘Travel of Unu Amon to Byblos’, Cappadocian cuneiform texts from Minor Asia, inscriptions of tsars of Urartu, Fayum portraits. In 1909, he had to sell his collection of antiquities (ab. 600 objects) to the Museum of Fines Arts in Moscow.
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Showing 61-70 of 320 items.