Articles

Dunaevsky Lev

Dunaevsky Lev (1894–1976) – philologist, publicist, translator. In 1930-s, he was a member of the League of Militant Atheists. He translated works by Ch. de Brosses, and P.B. Shelley into Russian for the cycle of publications of the ‘Research and Atheistic Library’ issued by the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (since 1955).
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Dyrenkova Nadezhda

Dyrenkova Nadezhda (1899–1941) – Soviet linguist, ethnographer, Turkologist. Disciple of L. Ya. Sternberg and V. G. Bogoraz. In 1920, she enrolled to the Leningrad Teachers-Training Institute, then transferred to the Ethnographic Faculty of the State Geographical Institute (in 1925, it became a faculty of the Leningrad State University). She studied ethnography under the supervision of L. Ya. Sternberg and V. G. Bogoraz. In 1935, D. defended her Candidate thesis ‘World Views, religious conceptions and form of cult of Turkish hunting and cattle breeding tribes of Turko-Mongolian Peoples’; she worked as Docent at the Department of Ethnography of the Leningrad State University. Later she got a position of Senior Researcher at the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography. She wrote about traditional world conceptions of the peoples of Altai, on Shamanism; she collected folklore texts.
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Eleonskaya Elena

Eleonskaya Elena (1873‒1951) – was born in Sergiev Posad; her father N.А. Eleonsky was priest; since 1892, he had taught at the Moscow University, where he headed the Chair of Theology. He supported his daughter in her will for education. In 1902, she entered the Higher Female Courses in Moscow, after the successful graduation she stayed at the Chair of Russian Language and Literature, where he worked under the supervision of V.F Miller, who made a great influence at her studies of folklore. In 1906, she started to teach folklore and ethnography at the Moscow Higher Female Courses. She took part in gathering collection of Russian folklore and wrote reviews of contemporary western publications in the field of mythology and the history of religion.
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Elle Kuz’ma

Elle Kuz’ma (1896‒1974) – ethnographer, historian and teacher; specialist in culture and history of Chuvash. He graduated from the Kazan’ Teachers-Training Seminary (1917), the Kazan’ Teachers-Training Institute (1921); he studied at the post-graduate courses of the State Academy of History and Material Culture (1928-1933). He was a member and Secretary of the Society for Studying Local Region in Cheboksary (since 1926). In 1933-1935, 1936-1937, E. worked at the Chuvash Research Institute of Social and Cultural Building, he was Director of the Research Library in Cheboksary. In 1942, he defended his Candidate thesis in history ‘The Past of the People of Chuvash on the Base of Proverbs and Sayings, Riddles, and Signs’.
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Emelyakh Liubov

Emelyakh Liubov (1924—1992) – historian, archive and museum specialist. She finished secondary school in Leningrad on June 22, 1941. Up to the May 1942, she stayed in Leningrad, in the blockade, and worked as pioneer leader with children, then, as a sanitarian in hospital. From May 1942 till April 1945, she was in the army, at the front. Among her awards was a medal ‘For Military Deeds’. From September 1945, she became a student of the Historical Faculty of the Leningrad State University; she graduated it with excellent results in 1950. She studied under the supervision of Prof. S.N. Valk.
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Ernstedt Petr

Ernstedt Petr (1890–1966) – philologist, specialist in Hellenistic and Coptic studies, papirologist and paleographer. He was a son of Classic philologist Victor Karlovich Ernstedt (1854–1902), Full Prof. of the St. Petersburg University (1891-1902), Acad. (1898). Initial training in Ancient Greek E. took from his father. In 1913, he graduated from the St. Petersburg University (he specialized in the history of Greek language); in 1914, in Greece, he started learning Tsakonian Dialekt, but WWI broke his plans after two months. In 1918, he graduated from the Faculty of Oriental Languages of the Petrograd University and got a position at the Chair of Sanskrit Philology.
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Eugeny, Metropolitan (Bolkhovitinov Eufimy Alekseevich)

Eugeny, Metropolitan (Bolkhovitinov Eufimy Alekseevich) (1767–1837) – Metropolitan of Kiev and Galich, ecclesiastic historian, bibliographer; main works in the field of the history of Russian Orthodox Church. In the years of his learning in the Slavic and Greek and Latin Academy (1785 – 17880, E. visited also lectures at the Moscow University, where he made acquaintance with N. I. Novikov and his milieu. At the same time, he worked as corrector at the M. P. Ponomarev Typography – they published educative and innovative books of the epoch of Enlightenment in Moscow, than in Vladimir. For Novikov he translated works by P. Marechal and F. Fenelon.
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Evseev Ivan

Evseev Ivan ( 1868–1921) – philologist, Biblical scholar, specialist in Slavic translations. He was born in a peasant family; after the Pskov Seminary, he enrolled to the St. Petersburg Spiritual Academy and graduated it in 1893 with the candidate degree. His work ‘Lucian’s Review LXX in Slavic Translation’ shaped the further research destiny of E.; he traveled to the ‘Orthodox Orient’ to work on manuscripts from the library of the Patriarchy of Alexandria. In 1897, he got his Master degree for the work ‘Book of Isaiah in Old Slavic Translation’; in 1906, he defended his Doctor thesis ‘Book of Daniel in Old Slavic Translation’; in 1906 he became Docent, and in 1907 – Full Prof. of the St. Petersburg Spiritual Academy.
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Fedotov Georgy

Fedotov Georgy (1886–1951) – historian, medievalist, political person, specialist in the field of Russian religious thought and folk religion. He studied at the St. Petersburg Technological Institute (1904 – 1905). In 1905–1906, he took part in political activity as a member of the Socialist Democratic Party. After his arrest (1906) and release (1907), F. went to Germany, where visited lectures at the University of Jena (1907-1908) and took part in the political activity. In 1908, he enrolled to the Historical and Philological Faculty of the St. Petersburg University; his supervisor was I. М. Grevs. Because of political persecutions, in 1910, F. had to go to Italy; having returned, he kept his education, but in 1912, he was sent out of St. Petersburg and moved to Riga.
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Filaret (Dmitry Gumilevsky)

Filaret (Dmitry Gumilevsky) (1805–1866) – theologian, Biblical scholar, ecclesiastic historian and hierarch. He graduated from the Tambov Spiritual Seminary and the Moscow Spiritual Academy (1830), In 1830, he became hieromonk and was invited to work at the Moscow Spiritual Academy; in 183501841, he was its Rector. Since 1841 he was Bishop of Riga, from 1848 – Bishop of Kharkov and Akhtyrka, in 1859-1866 – Archbishop of Chernigov and Nezhin. In 1860, he got the degree of Doctor in Theology according a decision of the Synod. Full Member of the Imperial Society for History and Russian Antiquities at the Moscow University. His main works were dedicated issues of patrology, history of Russian Church; he made the first attempt to analyze the Synodal period (up to 1826).
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