Articles

Gorsky-Platonov Pavel

Gorsky-Platonov Pavel (1835–1904) – Biblical scholar, specialist in Hebrew studies. In 1854, he graduated from the Vifanskaya Seminary with the grant of Metropolitan Platon (Levshin), that is why he accepted additional surname ‘Platonov’. In 1858, he graduated from the Moscow Spiritual Academy with the Master degree and got a position at the academy. Since 1867, he was Ass. Professor of Hebrew language and Biblical archeology; in 1883-1895 – Honoured Ass. Professor. For the practical educational reasons he composed the Old Hebrew – Russian Dictionary (not published).
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Grekov Boris

Grekov Boris (1882–1953) – historian medievalist. Since 1901, he studied at the Warsaw University. One of his teachers was D. M. Petrushevsky, who made a great influence at G. as historian. Later, on the recommendation of Petrushevsky, G. transferred to the Moscow University. At first, his supervisor was A. A. Kiesewetter, then – M. K. Liubavsky. At the St. Petersburg University he passed Master courses under the supervision of A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky. In 1914, he got Professor position and defended his Master thesis ‘Novgorodian House of Saint Sophia: An Attempt of Studying Organization and Inner Relations of the Church Votchina’.
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Grekulov Ephim

Grekulov Ephim (1893–1979) – historian of Russia, Candidate in History. Since the late 1920-s, he studied history of Russian proletariat and revolutionary movement in Russia. In 1930-s, he actively wrote for media of the League of Militant Atheists, His main works were dedicated the role of the Church in the history of Russia. He argues that the Church was the biggest landowner and possessed a significant economical and political might. According the traditional Marxist conception of the nature of economical relations, he demonstrated that the union of Church and State and the high classes of the society was built, first of all, on the similarity of economical interests, and the material interests of the Church demanded a support of the ‘dominating classes’.
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Grevs Ivan

Grevs Ivan (1860–1941) – historian, one of the founders of the Russian school of medievalism. After the Larin Gymnasium, in 1879, he entered the Historical and Philological Faculty of the St. Petersburg University; there he wrote his first research work ‘Roman Byzantine State in the Sixth Century on the Base of Canonic Books of Christian Emperors’. He took part in groups of Narodniki, from 1886 till 1903, he was under a hidden police surveillance. In 1890-s, he made lectures at the St. Petersburg University, and at the Bestuzhev Female Courses (1892-1899 and 1902-1918). In 1900, he defended his Master thesis ‘Essays from the History of the Roman Landownership, Mainly in the Epoch of Empire’. In 1890-1892 and 1894-1896, he had training periods abroad. Since 1905, he was a member of the CD Party (Constitutional Democrats).
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Grigoriev Vasily

Grigoriev Vasily (1816–1881) – historian and orientalist, specialist in the culture of peoples of Near and Middle Asia, disciple of Ch. D. Frahn and О. I. Senkovsky. After the graduation from the Historical and Philological Faculty of the St. Petersburg University (1834), G. taught there Persian language (1835-1838). In 1838-1844, he worked at the Chair of Oriental Languages at the Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa. In 1851, he moved to the Orenburg Region, where he took a position of the head of the border expedition, which provided him a possibility to write several articles on the Turkestan Region. As early as in 1837, he offered to the University Council an idea to found a Chair of Oriental History; it was opened at the Faculty of Oriental Languages in 1863, and G. was invited as Full Professor.
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Grigulevich Joseph

Grigulevich Joseph (1913–1988) – Soviet intelligence agent under non-official cover, later historian of religion, Correspondent Member of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (1979). Since the years of his gymnasium learning, he has taken part in the Communist movement in Lithuania and Poland. In 1931-1933, he was arrested and kept in the Polish-Lithuanian jail of Łukiszki for his revolutionary activity. In August 1933, he was sent out of Poland. In 1933-1934, he studied at the High School of Social Studies in Sorbonne (Paris). In 1934, Cominter sent him to the Argentine. In September 1936, he came to Spain through the Comintern lines. In 1937-1953, he worked under cover in several countries of Latin America and Europe.
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Grinblatt Moses

Grinblatt Moses (1905–1983) – Belorussian historian, ethnographer, folklorist, specialist in folk religion. He graduated from the Leningrad State University (1930); worked at the Belorussian Department of the Narkomat of Education (1920); since 1930, he worked at the system of the Ac. of Sc. of the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic: at the Institute of History (1931‒1941; 1945‒1956), and at the Institute of Linguistic, Ethnography, and Folklore (1957‒1976). At the same time, he made lectures at the Minsk Teachers-Training Institute (1937‒1941), and at the Belorussian State University (since 1939). He was one of the authors of ‘The History of the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic’ in 2 and in 5 volumes.
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Hyacinth Archimandrite (Bichurin Nikita Yakovlevich)

Hyacinth Archimandrite (Bichurin Nikita Yakovlevich) (1777–1853) – the founder of Sinology in Russia. He was born in the village of Akuliovo in the family of a priest; in 1787–1799, he studied at the Kazan’ Seminary, and at the Kazan’ Spiritual Academy; in 1800, he became monk, and in 1802 – Archimandrite of the Ascention Monastery in Irkutsk, Rector of the Irkutsk Spiritual Academy, member of the Consistory. In 1806, he lost his positions and was sent to exile to Tobolsk, where he shaped his interest to studying peoples of China and Siberia. In 1807-1821, he lived in Bejing, where re served the Head of the Russian Ecclesiastic Mission.
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Innocence (Veniaminov-Popov)

Innocence (Veniaminov-Popov) (1797-1879) – Metropolitan of Moscow. Missionary, translator of the Bible into languages of peoples of the North, ethnographer, geographer, linguist, researcher of traditional culture of peoples of the North. He graduated with honours from the Irkutsk Spiritual Seminary; there he got the surname Veneaminov to his father’s one (1814). He taught at the parish school. In 1823, he was appointed a missionary, and in 1824 with his family arrived at the island of Unalashka (Aleutian Islands); later, he was transferred to Sitha. He studied languages of the indigenous peoples of Alaska, as well as their traditional culture, and religious beliefs. Together with his assistants, he was engaged in translating liturgical texts into the languages of peoples of the North, compiled ethnographic and geographical descriptions of Alaska and the islands of Unalashkinsky Bay.
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Jagiс Ignatius (Vatroslav)

Jagiс Ignatius (Vatroslav) (1838‒1923) – philologist, specialist in Slavic studies, linguist, paleographer, and archeographer. He studied at the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Wien, taught at the Zagreb Gymnasium. In 1866, he was elected for Members of the South-Slavic Academy of Sciences and Arts. Academician of the St. Petersburg Ac. of Sc. in the Department of Russian Language and Literature (1869). He made lectures in comparative grammar of Indo-European languages and Sanskrit at the Novorossiisk University (1872-1874), in Slavic philology at the Berlin University (1874-1880), in Church Slavic and Russian languages at the St. Petersburg University (1880-1886) – also he made lectures ate the Higher Female Courses and at the Archeological Institute. Professor of the University of Wien (1886-1908). One of the greatest experts in the field of Slavic linguistics of the second half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
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