Kislyakov Nickolay (1901–1973) – ethnographer, historian of culture of the peoples of Near and Middle East, Central Asia.
In 1932, he graduated from the Geographical Faculty of the Leningrad Historical and Linguistical Institute. Since 1934, he worked at the Institute of Ethnography of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. In 1935, he defended his Candidate thesis ‘Remnants of the Primordial Communism at Mountainous Tajik of Vakhiobolo’; in 1952 – his Doctor thesis ‘Family and Marriage at Tajik’.
In 1941, he became Director of the Museum of the Tajik Branch of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. in Dushanbe. In 1943-1945, he worked at the Soviet Embassy in Iran. Since 1945, he was Senior Researcher of the Leningrad Branch of the Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R.; in 1946-1950, he was Director of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R..
In 1951-1953 and 1957-1961, he was at the same time Senior Researcher of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Ac. of Sc. of the Taj.S.S.R.
The research interests of K. were centered at the issues of family systems and patriarchal-feudal relations at the peoples of the Western and Middle Asia, culture and traditions of those regions, including religious beliefs and practices.