Shlyapkin Ilya (1858–1918) – philologist, paleographer, historian of Old Russian art.

After the gymnasium he enrolled to the Historical and Philological Faculty of the St. Petersburg University; he graduated from it in 1881, and stayed at the Chair of the History of Russian Literature to prepare himself for the professor position. In 1891, he defended his Master thesis ‘St Dmitry of Rostov and His Time’ and got a position of Ass, Docent.

In 1888, he started to teach at the St. Petersburg University; since 1901 – Professor of the Chair of the History of Russian Literature. In 1886-1895, he taught at the Nickolaevsky Cadet School; since 1890 – at the High Female Courses (Dean of the Historical Department); since 1896 – at the Aleksandrovsky Lyceum and at the Archeological Institute. He was also a member of the Academic Committee at the Ministry of People’s Education.

His research works were centered at the monuments of the Old Russian literature and art. He also studied and published manuscripts by V. A. Zhukovsky, A. S. Griboedov, A. S. Pushkin, A. I. Herzen. He was the author of works on the theory and practice of paleography.