Shakhmatov Aleksey (1864–1920) – philologist and historian.

In 1883, he enrolled to the Historical and Philological Faculty of the Moscow University, where he studied under the supervision of F. F. Fortunatov.

In 1887, he got the Candidate degree for his graduating paper ‘On the length and Accent in the Common Slavic Language’; he stayed at the University to prepare himself for the Professor position at the Chair of Russian Language and Literature. In 1890, he passed his Master exams and started to teach the history of Russian language at the Moscow University.

In 1894, he got the Doctor degree in Russian language and literature for the work ‘Research in the Field of Russian Phonetics’. Adjunct (1894), a member of Administrative Board (1898), Academician of the Ac. of Sc. (1899). Since 1901 – Actual State Couuncil. Professor of the St. Petersburg University (1910). Member of the State Council from the Academy (since 1906).

He participated in the preparation of the reform of Russian orthography (1917-1918).

He laid foundation for historical studies of Russian language, Old Russian chronicles, and textology of Old Russian chronicles.