Palvadre Martha (1896–1937) – ethnographer.

In 1928, she graduated from the Ethnographical Department of the Geographical Faculty of the Leningrad State University, with the specialization in the ethnography of Finnish Peoples; she studied at the post-graduate courses of the Chair of Finno-Ugric Ethnography of the Leningrad State University (1928-1932).

In 1933-1934, she worked at the State Academy of the History of material Culture; since 1932, she was Academic Secretary of the Institute on Studying the Peoples of the U.S.S.R. of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. After the reorganization of that institute, she became Head of a department at the Institute of Anthropology, Archeology and Ethnography of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (1934-1936). Since 1934, she worked also at the State Museum of Ethnography. She participated in ethnographical expeditions.

She was an active participant of the group (section) on studying religious beliefs of the peoples of the U.S.S.R. under the leadership of N. M. Matorin.

She was arrested in 1936, with the accusation in participation in a counter-revolutionary Trotzkiste-Zinoviev organization. She was shot on November 2, 1937 in Sandarmokh (Karelia).