Golenishchev Vladimir (1856–1947) – Russian Orientalist: Egyptologist, specialist in Assyrian and Semitic studies. State Councilor.
In 1870, he graduated from the Faculty of Oriental Languages of the St. Petersburg University; his supervisors were V. R. Rozen (Arabic), and D. A. Khvolson (Ancient Hebrew); he studied Egyptology and Assyrian studies by himself. Since 1879, he organized expeditions to Egypt for his own account, made archeological excavations, collected written monuments and pieces of art of the Ancient East. Since 1886, he was Curator of the Egyptian and Assyrian collection of the Hermitage, composed the first catalogues for those collections. He prepared the first publications of a number of texts of the Ancient East: ‘Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor’, ‘Prophesy of Neferti’, ‘Teaching of the Tsar of Heliopolis for His Son Merykara’, ‘Travel of Unu Amon to Byblos’, Cappadocian cuneiform texts from Minor Asia, inscriptions of tsars of Urartu, Fayum portraits. In 1909, he had to sell his collection of antiquities (ab. 600 objects) to the Museum of Fines Arts in Moscow.