Articles

Chulkov Mikhail

Chulkov Mikhail (1744–1792) – writer, folklorist, economist. He was born in Moscow in a soldier’s family; learnt at the gymnasium of the Moscow University (1755-1758); his teachers were S. E. Desnitsky, M. I. Popov, I. A. Tretyakov. He was actor of the University – and then St. Petersburg Court (since 1761) theatres. He served as a footman and a quartermaster (1765-1769). Since 1770, he has entered state service as a clerk of the Senate (1770-1792). In 1789, he got hereditary gentry state. In 1792, he became Court Councelor, Secretary of the Senate.
Read More
Dahl Vladimir

Dahl Vladimir (1801–1872) – linguist, folklorist, lexicographer. After graduation from the Dorpat University, D. went to military service as medicine doctor. In 1832, he published ‘Russian Folk-Tales from the Oral Tradition Transferred to Civic Grammar, Adapted to Common-Day Life, and Decorated with Popular Proverbs by Cossack Vladimir from Luhansk’; the book was accepted for his Doctor thesis in Philology, but soon the publication was prohibited by censors because of a tale about a small devil and a soldier – they saw a critical hint at the emperor in it.
Read More
Deborin (Ioffe) Abraham

Deborin (Ioffe) Abraham (1881‒1963) – Soviet philosopher, Acad. of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (1929), member of the Presidium of the Ac. of Sc. (1935-1945). One of ideologists of the Stalin’s epoch. Metal worker, who was early interested in revolutionary ideas. Since 1897 – participant of underground Marxist groups, later – supporter of Bolsheviks. Member of the Communist Party since 1928. In 1908, he graduated from the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Bern. Since 1920, he has been at the research and teaching work. He worked at the Sverdlov Communist University, at the Institute of Red Professors, at the Marx and Engels Institute.
Read More
Desnitsky Semen

Desnitsky Semen (1740–1789) – Russian enlithener, specialist in legal disciplines. He studied at the Legal Faculty of the Moscow University, in 1761, he was sent by the Ac. of Sc. to Scotland, to the University of Glasgow, where he visited lectures by Adam Smith. He got Master degree in Arts and Doctor degree in Civic and Ecclesiastic Law. Beside Jurisprudence, he studied Mathematics, Medicine, Philosophy, and Ethic. In 1767, D. returned to Russia and became the first Professor of Law at the Moscow University, who made lectures in Russian. In 1768, he became Ass. Prof, in 1773 – Full Prof. Since 1783, he has been Member of the Russian Literary Academy.
Read More
Diyakonov Igor

Diyakonov Igor (1915–1999) – historian and linguist. In 1938, he graduated from the Historian and Philological Faculty of the Leningrad State University. Doctor in History (1960), Chief Researcher of the St. Petersburg Branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Ac. of Sc. (1953-1999), also worked at the St. Petersburg State University (till 1949 – Docent of the Chair of Semitic Studies) and at the State Hermitage (1936-1959 – Head of the Dep. of Ancient East). Honourary Doctor of a number of foreign academies and universities (including the Chicago University, and British Royal Asian Society). His main works were dedicated to social and economical history, ethnology, and languages of the Ancient East (Mesopotamia, Palestine, Minor Asia, Iran). He also wrote on the problems of ethics, philosophy of history, theory of myth, linguistic, and made translations.
Read More
Dmitrievsky Aleksey

Dmitrievsky Aleksey (1856–1929) – historian of Byzantine and ecclesiastic historian. He graduated from the Astrakhan’ Spiritual Seminary; since 1878, he studied at the Kazan’ Spiritual Seminary. Since 1882, he made lectures in Homiletics and Liturgics at the Samara Spiritual Seminary. In 1883, he defended his Master thesis in Theology ‘Liturgy in Russian Church in the Sixteenth Century. Part I: Services of the Week and Year Circle, and the Sacramental Rites’. In 1884, he moved to Kiev, where he got a position of Prof. of Ecclesiastic Archeology at the Kievan Spiritual Academy. Since 1886, he traveled in Sinai, Athos, Jerusalem, Athens, and Italy. In the course of his travels, he studied liturgical manuscripts at the Athos monasteries and in the library and archive of the Sinai St. Catherine Monastery.
Read More
Dobiash-Rozhdestvenskaya Olga

Dobiash-Rozhdestvenskaya Olga (1874–1939) – historian and medievalist, paleographer, writer, Correspondent Member of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R He made thesis in the history and sociology of religion and the cult of saints in the medieval France. She graduated from the Bestuzhev High Female Coursed in 1899; she was under a strong influence of Prof. I. M. Grevs. He invited her to teach at the Bestuzhev Couses; in 1916, D. became Professor there. In 1908-1911, she was sent to France, where she got Doctor degree of Sorbonne (Paris) for her thesis ‘La vie paroissiale en France au XIII-e siècle ďaprès les actes episcopaux’ (1911).
Read More
Druzhinin Vasily

Druzhinin Vasily (1859–1936) – historian, collector. In 1879-1883, he studied at the Historical Faculty of the St. Petersburg University. In 1889, he defended his Master thesis ‘The Dissent on Don in the Late-Seventeenth Century’, and got a position of Ass. Docent at the St. Petersburg University; at the same time, he was a part-time manager at the Department of Spiritual Affairs of Foreign Faith at the Ministry of Internal Affairs, where he made some organizational work for the Russian Archeological Society, Archeographic Commission, Russian Geographical Society. He was a member of the Committee for Protection of Russian Icon-Painting; since 1920 – Correspondent Member of the Russian Ac. of Sc. Since 1884, and for many years, he has collected Old Believers’ manuscripts, Lubok drawings and engravings, icons, copper casted images, and other objects of the cult from the Old Believers milieu. In 1929, he was fired out of the Archeographic Commission, arrested and sent out of Leningrad. In 1935, he settled in Staraya Russa, and there he died in 1936.
Read More
Dunaevsky Lev

Dunaevsky Lev (1894–1976) – philologist, publicist, translator. In 1930-s, he was a member of the League of Militant Atheists. He translated works by Ch. de Brosses, and P.B. Shelley into Russian for the cycle of publications of the ‘Research and Atheistic Library’ issued by the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (since 1955).
Read More
Dyrenkova Nadezhda

Dyrenkova Nadezhda (1899–1941) – Soviet linguist, ethnographer, Turkologist. Disciple of L. Ya. Sternberg and V. G. Bogoraz. In 1920, she enrolled to the Leningrad Teachers-Training Institute, then transferred to the Ethnographic Faculty of the State Geographical Institute (in 1925, it became a faculty of the Leningrad State University). She studied ethnography under the supervision of L. Ya. Sternberg and V. G. Bogoraz. In 1935, D. defended her Candidate thesis ‘World Views, religious conceptions and form of cult of Turkish hunting and cattle breeding tribes of Turko-Mongolian Peoples’; she worked as Docent at the Department of Ethnography of the Leningrad State University. Later she got a position of Senior Researcher at the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography. She wrote about traditional world conceptions of the peoples of Altai, on Shamanism; she collected folklore texts.
Read More
Showing 41-50 of 300 items.