Articles

Brilliantov Aleksander

Brilliantov Aleksander (1867–1933) – Church historian, Correspondent Member of the Ac. of Sc. at the Historical and Philological Department from December 6, 1919. He graduated from the St. Petersburg Spiritual Academy (1891); made lectures there at the Chair of General Ecclesiastic History (1900–1918); after closing the academy, taught at the First Petrograd Teachers-Training Institute (1918–1922) and at the Petrograd Theological Institute (1920-1923). He worked at the Public Library (1921–1930) as Chief Librarian, and Head of the First Department (library of the former St. Petersburg Spiritual Academy) (1925–1930). Doctor in Ecclesiastic History without defending thesis (1914). Member of the Commission on the History of Knowledge, Ac. of Sc., and the Russian-Byzantine Commission, Ac. of Sc. His main works were on the Church history. He was arrested on the ‘Academic Case’ and died in the exile in Tambov.
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Briullova-Shaskolskaya Nadezhda

Briullova-Shaskolskaya Nadezhda (1889–1937) – She was born in a gentry family of the Briullovs; a granddaughter of architect and painter A. P. Briullov. She got secondary education at the Vasileostrovskaya Female Gymnasium in St. Petersburg and enrolled at the Historical and Philological Faculty of the High Female Courses. After successful graduation, she was invited by Proff. Zelinsky and Rostovtsev at the Chair of Classic History and Philology and was sent for an educational trip to Germany and Italy. She studied at the Universities of Wien and Heidelberg, at the Archeological Institute of Rome. She wrote her Master thesis in German on the topic of Roman Animism: ‘Der Romische Animismus’ but because of the start of WWI the research has not been published.
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Budovnitz Isaak

Budovnitz Isaak (1897–1963) – historian. In 1922, he graduated from the Institute of National Economy, worked for various newspapers; since 1938, he was Executive Secretary and than Chief Editor of the periodical collection of research articles ‘Istoricheskie zapiski’ (Historical Notes); from 1944 till 1958, he worked at the Institute of History of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. In 1945, he defended his Candidate thesis on the history of Russian publicism of the sixteenth century. His main research interests laid in the field of the history of social thought of medieval Russia. Particularly, he studied ‘The Tale of Igor’s Campaign’ – mostly in the aspect of the analysis of the author’s views.
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Bulgakovsky (till 1864 Bulgakov) Dmitry

Bulgakovsky (till 1864 Bulgakov) Dmitry (1843 – after 1920) – priest, ethnographer, publicist, local historian, specialist in folk religious phenomena. He studied at the Livny Spiritual School, the Orel Seminary, the Minsk Seminary. In 1869, he became priest. He taught Russian and Old Slavic languages at spiritual schools and served. Since 1874, he wrote articles for various media. In 1890, he refused from his practical church service, and in 1902, he took off the rank of priest. He lived in the Western Region, in St. Petersburg, in Gatchina; in 1917 he moved to the Yaroslavl Region; he spent his last years in Cheboksary studying Chuvask folklore. Materials on ethnography and local history published by B. are precious sources for research in the field of folk religious phenomena.
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Buslaev Fedor

Buslaev Fedor (1818–1897) – philologist, linguist, folklorist, specialist in folk religion and Slavic mythology, historian of culture; Correspondent Member of the Imperial Ac. of Sc. since 1852, Academician since 1860; lecturer of the Moscow University. After the Penza Gymnasium, where among his teachers was V. G. Belinsky, he enrolled to the Moscow University and received state financial support. The most influential professors for hum were historians M. P. Pogodin, S. P. Shevyrev, I. I. Davydov. But the main figure for B. was founder of the mythological school in folkloristic J. Grimm; B. also was under the strong influence of linguistic works by W. von Humboldt and research by founder of comparative linguistic F. Bopp. Later B. was interested in works by E. Renan.
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Butkevich Timothey

Butkevich Timothey (1854–1925) – priest, ecclesiastic publicist of the so called ‘accusatory theology’, participant of the right Monarchist movement. After the Moscow Spiritual Academy he became priest; in 1882, transferred to the city of Kharkov. In 1884, for his composition ‘The Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ’ he got his master degree in Theology. In that work he criticized rationalistic interpretations of New Testament, first of all – that one of the Tubingen School of Protestant theology, represented by E. Renan. Since 1893, he has been Archpriest of the Cathedral in Kharkov, Prof. in Theology at the Imperial Kharkov University (1894); since 1906 – member of the State Council; member of Monarchists ‘Black Hundred’ organizations (‘chernaya sotnya’).
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Chernetsov Valery

Chernetsov Valery (1905–1970) – ethnographer, linguist, archeologist. He studied for engineer in Moscow. In 1923, he worked at the geodesic expedition at the North Urals. In 1923-1925, he lived among Ob’ Yugra, learnt Mansi language. Since then, he has been interested in the history and ethnography of the Uralian peoples. Ch. graduated from the Ethnographic Department of the Geographical Faculty of the Leningrad State University with the specialization in the ethnography of Finno-Ugric peoples (1930). His supervisor was V. G. Bogoraz. He was the author of the first alphabetic book, Mansi-Russian dictionary, and Mansi language manuals. He worked at the Institute of the Peoples of the North, Docent of the Leningrad Herzen Teachers-Training Institute (1932-1936), and the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (1935-1940).
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Chetkarev Ksenofont

Chetkarev Ksenofont (1910–1956) – folklorist, ethnographer, writer. In 1928, he entered the Saratov University; he was transferred to the Mari Department of the Kazan Teachers-Training Institute and graduated from it in 1931. He was Director of the Mari State Theatre (1931), Director of the Mari School of Arts (1931-1933). Post-graduate courses of the Institute of Ethnography of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. in Leningrad (1934-1937), supervisor M. K. Azadovsky. In 1934, he was an active participant of the group on studying religious beliefs of the peoples of the U.S.S.R. under the supervision of N. M. Matorin. Candidate Thesis: ‘Mari folktales of the Ronguin District’ (1937) – he was the first Mari with the Candidate degree. Director of the Mari Research Institute (1938-1941, 1945-1946, 1951-1954).
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Chistov Cyril

Chistov Cyril (1919‒2007) – ethnographer, folklorist. 1937‒1941 ‒ student of the Philological Faculty of the Leningrad State University (Chair of Folklore). In 1941, he was volunteer at the guerilla battalion. September 1941 – May 1944 – in Nazi captivity. May ‒ December 1944 – in the regular Army. 1946‒1947 ‒ at the post-graduate courses of the Chair of Folklore, Philological Faculty of the Leningrad State University. His supervisor was M. K. Azadovsky.
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Chistovich Illarion

Chistovich Illarion (1828–1893) – ecclesiastic historian, statesman. Doctor in Theology (1871); thesis ‘Ancient Greek World and Christianity in relation to the problem of human immortality and afterlife’. Correspondent Member of the Imperial Ac. of Sc. at the Department of Russian language and literature (1874). Privy Councilor (1882). He finished the Kaluga Seminary (1847), then he graduated from the St. Petersburg Spiritual Academy (1851) with the Master Degree in Theology. His supervisor was A. A. Fisher. In 1851-1873, made lectures at the St. Petersburg Spiritual Academy in philosophy and psychology. Since 1851, he has got a position of Bachelor (teacher) in Russian ecclesiastic and civic history, since 1856, he has been Ass. Professor at the Chair of Philosophy, since 1859 – Full Professor.
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