Articles

Berezin Ilya

Berezin Ilya (1819–1896) – Orientalist, specialist in Iran and Turk studies. From 1834 till 1837, he studied Arabic and Persian languages at the Kazan' University, under the supervision of Prof. F. Erdman and Prof. A. K. Kazem-bek. In 1837, Berezin graduated from the Historical and Philological Faculty. In 1842, he got his Master degree in Oriental literature and languages; in the same year, together with F. Dittel (1816-1848) he was sent to the East to improve his knowledge. For the three years he has visited Persia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, and Egypt. Almost a year he lived in Constantinople, learning Turkish language. In 1846, he got a position of Ass. Professor at the Chair of Turkish at the Kazan’ University.
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Bernadsky Victor

Bernadsky Victor (1890–1959) – historian in Old Russia. He studied at the St. Petersburg University, but graduated from it by correspondence, after he was excluded from the fourth year (in 1912) for his participation in the students’ protests. In 1924-1959, made lectures at the Leningrad Herzen Teachers-Training Institute (1924-1925 – Ass.; in 1928-1945 – Docent at the Chair of Historical Methods, in 1942-1949 – Head of the Chair of the U.S.S.R. History, in 1955-1959 – Prof.). He also had administrative positions: in 1941-1944 – Deputy Director on Research, in 1945 – 1946 – Deputy Director on Educational Work at the same institute. In parallel, in 1943 – 1946, he made lectures at the Leningrad State University.
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Bizilli Petr

Bizilli Petr (1879–1953) – historian medievalist, philologist. His supervisor was E. N. Shchepkin; B. graduated from the Novorossiisk University. In 1912, he defended his thesis ‘Salimbene. Essays on Italian Culture of the Thirteenth Century’. He made lectures at the Novorossiisk University in Odessa. Since 1920, in emigration, he worked at the University of Skopje, then, since 1924, at the Chair of Modern and Contemporary History, University of Sophia. He studied various aspects of medieval religious mentality, the history of Franciscans, Joachime of Fiore and his followers, specifics of mysticism in the context of individuality, and so on. A special interest of B. to individuality was manifested in his disagreement with the idea by L. P. Karsavin on ‘typicality’ of genius for his epoch.
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Bogaevsky Boris

Bogaevsky Boris (1882–1942) – philologist, specialist in Classic history and religion, archeologist. He was from a gentry family of the Kharkov Region. After finishing the Tenth St. Petersburg Gymnasium, he entered the Classical Department of the Historical and Philological Faculty of the St. Petersburg University; he graduated from it with the Diploma of the First level in 1907, and was invited to prepare himself for Prof. In October 1907, he was sent abroad with research and educational aims. For two years and a half, he passed readings in Heidelberg, Munich, and Berlin; he gathered materials for his thesis in Italy, mainland Greece, and on the Crete. Having returned to St. Petersburg, he made lectures at the High Female Courses, at the Psycho-Neurological Institute, and at the private Gymnasium of M. N. Stoiunina; he was member of the Archeological, Geographical, and Historical Societies.
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Bogoraz (Tan) Vladimir

Bogoraz (Tan) Vladimir (1865–1936) – social figure, scholar and organizer of research activity, linguist, ethnographer and anthropologist, historian of religion, poet, writer and journalist, Professor, Correspondent Member of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. Before 1917, he was actively involved into political activity: since 1881, as a member of ‘Narodniki’ revolutionary movement, in 1905 – in the ‘Peasants Union’, in 1906 – in the ‘Labour Group’ (Trudoviki) of the State Duma; worked for newspapers as journalist under the pseudonym ‘Tan’. In 1889, he was arrested and sent to exile to Srednekolymsk for ten years. There he started his studies of the life of the native population of the Far North; for theree years he has wandered with Chukchi nomads. B. took part in the Jesup North Pacific Expedition headed by Franz Boas.
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Bolotov Vasily

Bolotov Vasily (1853–1900) – ecclesiastic historian, Orientalist. He was born in a family of a church lector; studied at the Ostashkovo Spiritual School (1863-1869) and Tver’ Spiritual Seminary (1869-1875). In 1875, he enrolled at the Ecclesiastic History Department of the St. Petersburg Spiritual Academy, where he studied ancient and contemporary languages. In 1878, he graduated from the academy; in 1879, he got his Master degree. In 1879, he also became Docent; and in 1884 – Ass. Prof, and in 1896 – Full Prof. at the Chair of Ecclesiastic History. He served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as translator, where he got the rank of Active State Councillor out of order; B. took part in shaping foreign ecclesiastic politics (transferring Urmian Nestorians into Orthodoxy; establishing communion of Old Catholics with Orthodox Church).
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Bonch-Bruevich Vladimir

Bonch-Bruevich Vladimir (1843–1955) – state and social person, historian; in 1917–1920 – manager of Sovnarkom, later dedicated himself to research work. He headed the Sector of the History of Religion and Atheism at the Institute of History of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (1947-1955), at the same time he worked at different other positions, for instance – Director of the Museum of the History of Religion of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. (1946-1955). In 1884-1889, he studied at the Moscow Land-Surveying Institute; for the participation in students’ protests he was excluded and exiled to Kursk under police surveillance; there he finished his course at the land-surveying trade school. In 1892, B. returned to Moscow. Since 1895, he participated in the activity of Social-Democrats, later entered into the Moscow Workers’ Union.
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Boriskovsky Pavel

Boriskovsky Pavel (1911–1991) – archeologist, specialist in Paleolithic. He was born in a family of a medical doctor. After the Leningrad State University, B. studied at the post-graduate courses under the supervision of P. P. Efimenko. In 1934, he defended his thesis ‘Historical premises of shaping the so called Homo sapiens’. In 1934, he became Docent at the Leningrad Institute of History, Philosophy and Linguistic, and worked also at the sector of distance learning at the Historical Faculty of the Leningrad State University. In the same year, he got a position at the Sector of Field Research of the State Academy of the History of Material Culture; and in 1935 – of the Institute of the History of the Pre-Class Society at the same Academy.
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Borisov Andrey

Borisov Andrey (1903–1942) – specialist in Semitic and Iranian studies, worked also in the field of Arabic studies. In 1924, he enrolled at the Oriental Department of the Leningrad State University and studied Semitic languages and literatures. His main supervisors were P. C. Kokovtsov (Semitic studies) and I. Yu. Krachkovsky (Arabic studies). He had special interests to Jebrew-Arabic philosophical texts and Aramaic epigraphy. In 1926, he traveled to Middle Asia, visited Tashkent, Bokhara, and Samarcand. In 1928, he gor his diploma and worked at the Asian Museum (Institute of Oriental Studies of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R.) for nine months. In 1930, he entered the Hebrew Department of the State Public Library as Ass. Librarian. He worked there till 1933 and had to give up because of a conflict with Hebraist J. J. Ravrebe.
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Borovsky Yakov

Borovsky Yakov (1896–1994) – specialist in Classic philology, translator, poet in New Latin. In 1906–1915, learnt in the Sixth St. Petersburg (Petrograd) Gymnasium, where he early demonstrated his interest to classic languages and antiquities. In 1915-1917, he studied at the Polytechnic Institute; in 1917, he trasfered to the Petrograd University where he studied till 1922 (with a break when he served in the Red Army in 1918-1920). After graduation he was invited to the Research Institute of Comparative History of Literature and Languages of West and East; in 1924-1927, B. worked there as Researcher. Thanks to his knowledge of foreign languages, in the late 1920-s, he worked at the Department of Foreign Media of the Comintern. Since 1928, he has been lecturer, and since 1933 – at the Chair of Classic Philology of the Leningrad State University.
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