Kazakova Natalya (1915–1984) – historian, medievalist.
In 1939, she enrolled at the Legal Faculty of the Leningrad Institute of Literature, Philosophy, and Culture. In 1945. he defended her Candidate thesis on the contacts between Rus’ and Baltic Lands; she specialized in the history of the Hanseatic League. In 1952-1960, she worked at the Museum of the History of Religion of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R. In 1960, she transferred to the Leningrad Branch of the Institute of History of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R.; she worked also at the Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkinsky Dom) of the Ac. of Sc. of the U.S.S.R.
Her work at the Museum of the History of Religion made her for shaping a new field of research interests: K. started to study the religious culture of Rus’. In 1955, together with Ya. S. Lurie, she published a fundamental book on the heretical movements in Russia in the fourteenth – early sixteenth centuries. In the same year, she published an article on the heresy of Strigol’niki. Since 1956, K. studied manuscripts with texts by Russian medieval ecclesiastic writers. Her works included textological analyses of compositions by Guryi Tushin, Maxim the Greek, and Vassian Patrikeev. The latest was the main person of her monographic research published in 1960 – on the base of it she later wrote her Doctor thesis about the medieval social thought (1964).